The brutal reality of stag hunting

The brutal reality of stag hunts and stag hunting

Barbaric hunters on quad bikes and motorbikes, accompanied by hounds, chasing a stag to exhaustion. Hardly what you’d expect to see in an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB). But if you go for a walk on Somerset’s Quantock Hills, this is exactly what you might come across.

The Quantock Staghounds are one of three registered packs of staghounds in England that hunt Red Deer. The hunt is relentless in their ‘sport’, almost hunting stags on the Quantocks to extinction in the area. Between 28 March and 25 April 2022, it murdered three stags in cold blood.

On 25 April, North Dorset Hunt Sabs reported: “We are so sorry, the Quantock Staghounds have just killed a young stag in front of sabs and monitors. We heard the shot and found them all standing over the body. The stag had been chased all day and could go no further. He had layed down in the gorse to hide.”

The killing came just six days after Quantock Staghounds murdered another stag. On 20 April Dorset Against Blood Sports reported:

“This Stag was killed yesterday at 5.30 pm…Poor creature had been chased all day until it could not run anymore..Just shocking.”

And on 28 March, it killed yet another stag after a torturous seven-hour hunt. North Dorset Hunt Sabs published a video of the chase, and the accompanying report said:

“The video graphically illustrates the terror of the stag. Eyes bulging, tongue lolling and gasping for breath.”

What exactly is stag hunting?

The gruesome ‘sport’ takes place twice a week from early August to the end of April in locations in the southwest of England. It’s illegal but, unsurprisingly, the police and land owners don’t try to stop it. The Quantocks, for example, are owned by various landowners — including the National Trust and the Forestry Commission — who do little to prevent the hunts from taking place.

A monitor from Somerset Wildlife Crime explained what happens on a typical stag hunt:

“When the stag is running, there are between 10 and 50 people in vehicles – in 4X4s, on quad bikes and motorbikes – who will park themselves up on the high land. The huntsman and hounds will go in to try and pick up a scent. The field riders, which can be between 6 and 30 people, follow on behind. Since the [hunting] ban was brought in, they went from using a pack of hounds to using two hounds, and compensated for that by using the umpteen supporters, on quad bikes and motorbikes, all hunting the stag.”

Hunts are usually hours-long. Stags are driven to complete exhaustion and then subjected to a brutal murder. According to Somerset Wildlife Crime:

“They all want to be the first to get down to the kill. It’s horrific… They all turn up and want to be the one to jump on him, grab hold of his antlers, wrestle him and literally sit on him while they wait for a gun carrier. They will then shoot him and cut his throat. Actually, this is their preferred method of killing. If they could get away with it, they wouldn’t even bother shooting him.”

Once they have killed the stag, the hunters then butcher him. Different parts of his body — such as the head with its antlers, and the slots (the hooves and the bottom part of the leg) — are taken as trophies. Even the teeth are taken as mementoes of the murder. The landowner usually gets the stag’s heart.

Where and when does stag hunting take place?

The season is divided into three phases. From early August until the end of October mature stags are hunted. From November to early March hinds are hunted, and during March and April young stags are hunted. When hunting stags, the hunt will pick one trophy stag to hunt, but when hunting hinds, they are likely to shoot a handful of female deer at any one meet.

There are three registered packs of staghounds that hunt red deer:

  • Devon & Somerset Staghounds, hunting in Exmoor National Park;
  • Quantock Staghounds, hunting on the Quantock and Brendon Hills;
  • Tiverton Staghounds, hunting the valleys of the Exe, Taw and Torridge.

Stag Hunting: the legality

The Hunting Act 2004 applies to stags, too. According to the law, no animal should ever be pursued with dogs. There are, of course, a couple of loopholes in the Act: a mammal can be ‘flushed’ out by a maximum of two hounds and shot, or to relieve it of suffering. It can also be killed in the name of ‘research’. These loopholes are a godsend to the staghunts, who use them to their advantage.

Stag hunters also rely on the argument that they’re trail hunting: that their hounds are following an artificial scent and not a real stag. But, of course, some landowners, such as the National Trust, have officially banned trail hunting on their land, while Forestry England has suspended it. These landowners, however, do very little to enforce their own bans, and stag hunting often takes place on National Trust land in the Quantocks.

Image: North Dorset Hunt Saboteurs

According to Joe Hashman from Hounds Off, after the Hunting Act came into force, the Staghounds found their way around the law. He said:

“There are various loopholes that they can exploit…which enable them to carry on. I understand that the Tiverton Staghounds still operates in the way that they did pre-ban, so they’re still using a full pack…But the Devon and Somerset staghounds, which are the most prestigious of the three, they changed their tactics. They started using two hounds on their own with the huntsman to hunt the deer. And that’s because the Hunting Act allows you to use two hounds to flush wild mammals to guns.”

He continued:

“They would say that they were using two hounds to flush the deer and then they would shoot it. Now, on paper that’s legal, but in practise, what they do is use two hounds to get the stag running, and then they use two hounds in a relay. So they don’t hunt with the same two hounds: they chop and change… And they don’t actually shoot the stag as soon as reasonably practical: they hunt it to exhaustion.”

Like Somerset Wildlife Crime, he emphasised that there are a lot more humans on the ground. He continued:

“They use a lot more human hunters now. So, the quad bike riders, and the horse riders play far more of a part in the hunting of the deer than they used to do.”

Hashman then described the methods of the Quantock Staghounds:

“They didn’t swap to this relay hunting. They reduced the number of hounds they were using, say to half a pack, and they were using various exemptions. So they would say that on any given hunting day, at any given time, they might be trail hunting… Or they’re doing hound exercise. Or they would say they are conducting scientific research and observation. And this is another thing that was in the Hunting Act that was designed to allow scientists to carry out their studies if they needed to use dogs to find a wild mammal.

They’ve been prosecuted twice for illegal hunting… And as a result of [a] case being brought, they have gone over to this two-hound hunting.” 

But according to the Master of Deerhounds Association, the three packs meet in order to manage the deer herd population in the area.

Stag hunting: conclusion

A ground-breaking scientific study published in 1997 by Cambridge University animal behaviour expert Professor Patrick Bateson found that deer hunts can no longer claim their sport isn’t cruel.

It’s clear these [hunted] animals are completely depleted of resources – they are desperately affected by long chases. From the point of view of physiology, the results are absolutely unambiguous.” The report says of the deer which escaped the hounds about half suffer severe stress, take days to recover, and would probably be left more vulnerable to infection and disease.


  • Deer hunting is yet another reason why we have launched our campaign to replace the Hunting Act with much stronger legislation which bans hunting with dogs with no exceptions whatsoever.  Please see ‘A Proper Ban on Hunting‘.